Russian «New Theology» at the Turn of the Twentieth Centu- ry: The Origin and the Content of the Concept

In this article we consider the origin and substantial characteristics of the concept of «new theology», which emerged in the Russian theological tradition since the end of the 19th century. Initially this term was related to the lay theologians — particularly to Aleksey Khomiakov — but afterwards it became related to the academic scholars as well, such as metropolitan Anthony Khrapovitsky, V.I. Nesmelov, etc.

Councils as a Manifestation of the Church

In this essay the author develops the theme of councils as living ecclesiology, as a manifestation of the reality of the Church. The meaning of councils is not limited to their agenda. The primary source of their charisma is the fact of assembly as such. The conciliar assembly manifests the essential relationships on which the Church is founded. One of the author’s chief concerns is to describe how councils help to shape the dynamics of leadership in the Christian Church. The orientation of conciliar leadership is horizontal and inclusive, not vertical and elitist.

Church Autocephaly Through the Lens of Carl Schmitt’s Theory of Sovereignty