Europe and the Muslims: Debating the Foundations of State Policy

This article discusses theoretical issues behind the current shift in the policy of European states towards Islamic communities. The shift is driven by the idea that the values of political Islam are incompatible with Western values; that the main driver behind radicalization is ideology and that even non‑violent Islamists gradually prepare the Muslim youth to embracing violence. Based on current academic discussions as well as the results of the author’s own research, the author concludes that the opponents of these ideas have serious counter‑ arguments.

Toledo Principles and Theology in School

The teaching about religions, being a necessary part of education, needs to be supported; and the 10th anniversary of «Toledo Guiding Principles on Teaching about Religions and Beliefs in Public Schools» (2007) serves as a good occasion to discuss this issue. The main pedagogical mission is to teach about the subject, not to generate values and meanings. Historically, these values and meanings were produced by religion, and the Church played a normative role, regulating the content of education and the entire life of the school.

Who Justifies Violence in Dagestan and Why? A Comparative Analysis of Value Profiles of Muslim Religious Groups in Dagestan

This article describes the results of quantitative value research into the Muslims of Dagestan and outlines the difference between religious groups present in this republic of Russia. It also presents information on the determinants of the justification of violence (in its different forms). According to this analysis, religious groups have certain value profiles. Sufis, for example, value obedience, disapprove of violence, and tend to trust people.