Russian Diplomat in the Vilayet of Islamic Holy Sites in the Beginning of the Twentieth Century

This article endeavors to detect the goals, main tracks and priorities of the Russian diplomacy in a vilayet of the Ottoman Empire — Hejaz, which hosted major Islamic sanctuaries. Religion and politics were tightly interwoven in Russia’s diplomatic activities there. Our analysis is made at the micro level, through the official correspondence of a Russian diplomat, Michail Nikolsky, who in the early 20th century served as a secretary of the Russian Imperial Consulate in Jeddah, Hejaz.