Theology in Context: The Authenticity of Particular as a Challenge to Christianity’s Universal Truth. Introduction

The Text of the Scripture and Religious Identity: The Septu- agint in Orthodox Christianity

In polemics of Orthodox theologians with Jews, Protestants and Catholics, the Septuagint has often been regarded as the hallmark of Orthodoxy. The article demonstrates that the picture is much more complicated: throughout the history of the Orthodox tradition violent polemics against allegedly corrupted Hebrew or Latin Bibles existed side by side with quoting the Hebrew readings by the early Byzantine Fathers or correcting the Church Slavonic Bible against the Vulgate. Homiletic reasons were much more important than purely textual matters.

Whether and How Ecumenism, Anti-Ecumenism, and Conservative Ecumenism are Politically or Theologically Motivated: A View from the United States

The article discusses the phenomena of ecumenism, anti‑ecumenism and conservative ecumenism. The author sets a dual goal. The first is to identify the theological foundations of ecumenism and anti‑ecu‑ menism, and also to analyze conservative ecumenism in this research perspective. The second is to identify the political component of these phenomena. The author analyzes and criticizes the concept of “ecumenical consciousness” proposed by Andrey Shishkov.

God’s Self-Identification in Exodus 3.14: «I am THE BEING» or «I am who I am»? Modern Exegesis and Ancient Grammar

The article compares two interpretations of God’s self-definition in Exodus 3:14, namely (a) the traditional «ontological» interpretation («I am the One Who really is»), which is represented in the Septuagint and patristic exegesis, as well as in the standard Russian (so-called Synodal) translation, and (b) the «apophatic» interpretation («I am what I am»), which is predominant in modern exegesis and modern translations. Analysis of the Hebrew text suggests that the «apophatic» reading reflects the original understanding of Exodus 3:14 in its pre-Hellenistic context.

Toledo Principles and Theology in School

The teaching about religions, being a necessary part of education, needs to be supported; and the 10th anniversary of «Toledo Guiding Principles on Teaching about Religions and Beliefs in Public Schools» (2007) serves as a good occasion to discuss this issue. The main pedagogical mission is to teach about the subject, not to generate values and meanings. Historically, these values and meanings were produced by religion, and the Church played a normative role, regulating the content of education and the entire life of the school.

In Search of the “Theology of the Septuagint”: Methodological Aspects

“The overall goal of state and churches — to work together to ensure access to religious education...”

“In the case of theology we have three actors: state, church and theology as a science…”

“If German theology is of some value, then it is due to academic freedom...”

“We need to re-position religion in an enlightened society...”