Revolution and Civil War through the Perceptions and Actions of Muslim Clergy in Dagestan, 1917–1921

The article analyzes how the Revolution and the Civil War have been perceived by the Muslim clergy in Dagestan and how the clergy reacted. The author shows various forms of involvement of the clergy, their participation in power institutions, creation of coalitions and alliances, and their internal cleavages. The views and political agendas of the two leaders, Nazhmutdin Gotsinsky and Ali‑Hajjah Akushinsky, are further presented as major examples.

Muslim Reformism in Dagestan (1900–1930)

The movement of Muslim reformism appeared in Dagestan in the early twentieth century. The reformers aimed to develop Islamic thought and law in line with the new realities. There were three forms of this movement. The first group of scholars proposed reforming only the Islamic educational system, while supporting the tradition of the Shafi’i legal school. The second party of reformers went further and advocated expanding the framework of the Shafi’i legal school as well as the reform of education.

Islamic Law in the Situation of Rivalry of Different Legal Systems: The Case of the North Caucasus

The goal of this article is to provide a general overview of current research concerning the use of religious norms as an instrument of social regulation in the North Caucasus. The use of Islamic legal norms is an example of legal pluralism, i.e., parallel coexistence of different legal systems or their separate legal norms. The author gives a detailed analysis of two aspects of the use of religious norms to resolve conflicts in the eastern part of the North Caucasus.

Who Justifies Violence in Dagestan and Why? A Comparative Analysis of Value Profiles of Muslim Religious Groups in Dagestan

This article describes the results of quantitative value research into the Muslims of Dagestan and outlines the difference between religious groups present in this republic of Russia. It also presents information on the determinants of the justification of violence (in its different forms). According to this analysis, religious groups have certain value profiles. Sufis, for example, value obedience, disapprove of violence, and tend to trust people.

The Prohibition of Alcohol in Islam: Religious Imperatives and Practices in the 17th — 19th Century Dagestan

Cohesion of Religious Communities in the Situation of Conflict: A Case Study of Confrontations around Imam in a Dagestani Village