Jadidist Economics: Early 20th Century Tatar Religious Reformers on Usury and Banks

The article deals with three main approaches of Tatar religious re‑ formers of the early 20th century to the problem of the Quranic usury ban. They all believed of the traditional scholastic Muslim doctrines as being outdated and hampering the economic development of the com‑ munity. They offered their own modern interpretations on the basis of various methods of reading the sacred texts.

Muslim Reformism in Dagestan (1900–1930)

The movement of Muslim reformism appeared in Dagestan in the early twentieth century. The reformers aimed to develop Islamic thought and law in line with the new realities. There were three forms of this movement. The first group of scholars proposed reforming only the Islamic educational system, while supporting the tradition of the Shafi’i legal school. The second party of reformers went further and advocated expanding the framework of the Shafi’i legal school as well as the reform of education.

Jadidism as a Paradigm for Studying Islam in the Russian Empire

This article is devoted to problematizing the research focus of academic literature on Islamic reformers in the Russian empire. Studies of the late imperial period typically devote the majority of their attention to modernization. Jadidists-reformers are considered as key protagonists and engines of history.