The Pan–Orthodox Council: Shaping New Orthodox Geopolitics

The Orthodox Church is a complex geopolitical reality, and it does not constitute a homogenous block. On the contrary, the rise of irredentism during the 19th century has created the basis for constant territorial fragmentation throughout the 20th century. Surprisingly, the worldwide Orthodox population continues to increase. The convergence of these two phenomena is a starting point for a reinvestigation of Orthodox power in international affairs, as well as a profound strategic change affecting the communion of the fourteen local Orthodox Churches.

The Historical Roots and the Correlation of Confessional and Ethnic Elements within Mennonite Identity in the USSR

The article examines historical roots and dynamics of Mennonite identity in USSR using the concept of an ethno-confessionality, introduced to Soviet religious studies by Alexei N. Ipatov. As a result of secularization, in the beginning of the 20th century a part of Mennonites gave up religion but continued to regard themselves Mennonites by culture, and Mennonite identity ceased to be strictly religious. During the Civil War, the confessional identity lost its traditional core — obligatory nonresistance.

The Figure of Metropolitan Ignatius in the Construction of Identity and Historical Memory of the Azov Greeks

The article examines the transformation of the image of Metropolitan Ignatius in historiography and its use for constructing ethnic identity and historical memory of the Greeks of Ukrainian Northern Azov Sea region. The article analyzes historical and local historical literature and periodicals of the imperial, Soviet and post-Soviet periods. The analysis showed that the imperatives of modeling the image of the Metropolitan varied according to the political situation and the dominant ideology.

Between the Margins of Appreciation and Neutrality: the Lautsi Case and a New Balance in the Field of Religious Freedom in Europe